Role of Chemistry in Agriculture
On behalf of the Journal, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour and privilege to welcome you to the Journal of Organic and Inorganic Chemistry.
The Journal of Organic and Inorganic Chemistry aims to spread knowledge and promote discussion through the publication of peer-reviewed, high quality research papers on all topics related to Chemistry. The open access journal is published by Insight Medical Publishing who hosts open access peer-reviewed journals as well as organizes conferences that hosts the work of researchers in a manner that exemplifies the highest standards in research integrity.
Modern agriculture can be defined as an aggregate of intensive and large-scale farming or cultivation of land through mono-cropping. Modern agriculture can be traced back to the Sumerians around 5500 BC. Modern agriculture highly depends on the use of advanced scientific techniques. These scientific techniques rely mostly on chemistry. Through the production of pesticides, fertilizers, and antibiotics, it is evident that chemistry has played a significant role in maximizing the yield of animal products and crops. A branch of chemistry which plays a significant role in the production of these chemicals is known as Organic chemistry.
For over half a century, the use of organic chemistry has been the heart of food production and crop protection strategies for arable farming. It forms an integral part of the basis of photosynthesis which has seen us maximize on our agricultural produce. This advancement of agriculture could not be successful with the active research carried out in chemistry. The role of chemistry in agriculture can be efficiently and comprehensively be classified as follows:
Fertilizers are merely materials that are added to the soil to supply one or more nutrients needed for the growth of plants. Fertilizer can be of natural or synthetic (organic or inorganic) origin. A recent research has found that 50% of the crop yields are attributed to the use of commercial fertilizers.
The organic fertilizers are naturally derived from the animal manure, compost or the fish and bone meal. Through decomposition by the microorganisms which are found in the soil, these fertilizers release nutrients which are essential for crop growth. Unlike organic fertilizers, inorganic fertilizers are synthesized through the Haber-Bosch process. In this process, ammonia is produced as the end product which is used in combination with other nitrogen fertilizers.
Chemistry has been successful in the production of pesticides which have minimized the crop damage by pesticides. Depending on the targeted pest, pesticides include fungicides, pediculicides, herbicides, biocides, and insecticides.
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Journal of Organic & Inorganic Chemistry